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June 5, 2019 BY THE EDITOR (CHRONICLE, THAT IS) and David Roos for www.history.com
  
 

Tomorrow (Wednesday) is June 6th.  It was the 75th anniversary of D-Day (of WWII, or Operation Overlord).  Over 155,000 allied soldiers stormed the beaches of Normandy (France) to regain Europe.

It was the largest amphibious invasion in the history of warfare.  On that fateful day, over 155,000 brave young soldiers for the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada stormed the beaches of Normandy, France in a bold strategy to push the Nazis out of Western Europe and turn the tide of the war for good.

In planning the D-Day attack, Allied military leaders knew that casualties might be staggeringly high, but it was a cost they were willing to pay in order to establish an infantry stronghold in France.  Days before the invasionk General Dwight D. Eisenhower was told by a top strategist that paratrooper casualties alone could be as high as 75 percent.  Nevertheless, he ordered the attack

Because of bad weather and fierce German resistance, the D-Day beach landings were chaotic and bloody, with the first waves of landing forces suffering terrible losses, particularly the U.S. troops at Omaha beach and the Canadian divisions at Juno beach. But thanks to raw perseverance and grit, the Allies overcame those grave initial setbacks and took all five Normandy beaches by nightfall on June 6.

The first Allied cemetery in Europe was dedicated just two days (on June 8, 1944) after the D-Day invasion.  Since that day, military officials and memorial orgaizations have attempted to come up with a definitive count of Allied D-Day deaths in order to properly honor those who made the untimate sacrifice for the free world.

The National D-Day Memorial Foundation is one of those organizations.  At its memorial site in Bedford, Virginia, there are 4,414 names enshrined in bronze plaques representing every Allied soldier, sailor, airman and coast guardsman who died on D-Day.  That figure was the result of years of exhaustive research by librarian and genealogist Carol Tuckwiller on behalf of the Foundation, and remains the most accurate count of Allied fatalities within the 24-hour period known as D-Day.  Yes!  That's just over 4,000 of the over 155,000 participants in the invasion.

June 9, 2019

"War" is a counterculture-era soul song written by Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong for the Motown label in 1969. Whitfield first produced the song – an obvious anti-Vietnam War protest – with The Temptations as the original vocalists. After Motown began receiving repeated requests to release "War" as a single, Whitfield re-recorded the song with Edwin Starr as the vocalist, with the label deciding to withhold the Temptations' version from single release so as not to alienate their more conservative fans. Starr's version of "War" was a No. 1 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1970, and is not only the most successful and well-known record of his career, but it is also one of the most popular protest songs ever recorded. It was one of 161 songs on the Clear Channel no-play list after September 11, 2001 .

         
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